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Tenochtitlan, the Mexica capital once stood at this exact location, now the largest and most populated city in the Americas.

Tenochtitlan (Classical NahuatlTenōchtitlān [tenoːtʃˈtitɬaːn]) (sometimes paired with Mexico as Mexico Tenochtitlan or Tenochtitlan Mexico) was a Nahua altepetl (city-state) located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Valley of Mexico. Founded in 1325, it became the seat of the growing Aztec empire in the 15th century, until captured by the Spanish in 1521. It subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and today the ruins of Tenochtitlan are located in the central part of Mexico City.

Its name comes from Nahuatl tetl = “rock” and nochtli = “prickly pear” and means “Among the prickly pears [growing among] rocks”.

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